Capacity Development for Evidence-Based Land & Agricultural Policy Making

Analytical Reports


Why are Ukrainians afraid of agricultural land market and are these fears justified?

Experts have accumulated a lot of materialabout the advantages and risks of lifting the moratorium on purchase or sale of agricultural land. The benefits for Ukraine’s economy and citizens from such step are so obvious that currently experts are debating rather about a specific model of opening the market for purchase and sale of agricultural land(in particular, when and on what preconditions such market is to be launched), but not about whether Ukraine in general needs such market or not. However, during the parliamentary hearings on “The regulation of agricultural land turnover: in search of a Ukrainian model” in December not many participants advocated an agricultural land market: part of politicians continued focusing on the risks and ignoring the benefits, traditionally appealing to “anti-moratorium” sentiments among citizens and employing populist rhetoric.


I support the moratorium, but want to be able to sell land: the paradoxes of Ukrainians’ attitudes to lifting the moratorium on sale of agricultural land, as revealed by sociology

The parliamentary hearings on the topic: “The regulation of agricultural land turnover: in search of a Ukrainian model”, held on December 21, once again showed that land reform in Ukraine (as in previous two decades) has been hindered by politicians’ populism and low awareness among citizens about the possibilities that a land market can provide to them personally. Policy-makers (except for quite a few) confirmed they do not hurry to lift the moratorium, appealing to a sort of unpopularity of such step among citizens. They refer to a rather superficial analysis of sociological research results. Moreover, such references can be seen as a vivid example of manipulation with public opinion because the results of an opinion poll directly depends on how the question is worded.


26 Years of Land Reform: the Glass is Half-Empty or Half-Full

More than 25 years have passed since the first Parliament resolution “On land reform”. Despite this significant time period, the reform is far from being complete: sales market for agricultural land does not exist, significant share of rental market is informal and several categories of land do not have a clear legal status or are used in a non-transparent way. >>>

Use of Land Lease Rights as a Collateral for Bank Loans: Current State and Prospects

Ukrainian banks are skeptical about the possibility of providing loans to agricultural enterprises secured by the right to lease agricultural land due to the low liquidity and no practice for valuation of such right. The National Bank of Ukraine ... >>> Analytical Report

The Turnover of the Right to Lease Agricultural Land in Ukraine: Current Practices and the Ways to Improve It

The current land legislation of Ukraine lacks sufficient regulation for turnover of lease rights for agricultural land. In particular, the legislation does not entitle tenants with the right to alienate the land lease right on the basis of civil legal transactions – agreements .. >>> Executive Summary

Policy Note: Improving Governance of Land Resources. May 2016

Weak land governance precludes realization of Ukraine’s comparative advantage and its attractiveness for outside investment in agriculture and beyond. Full realization of its agricultural sector, especially in ways that include small and medium scale producers, is possible only...


Economic Return to Farmland in Ukraine and its Incidence

Farmland rental prices in Ukraine are more than 10 times lower than they could be in case land and other factor markets distorts are mitigated. Such distortions include poor access to capital, farmland sales moratorium, fragmentation of land ownership etc. A straightforward conclusion is... >>> Analitical report

Restrictions on farmland sales markets: a survey of international experience and lessons for Ukraine

Land market in Ukraine is yet emerging. Despite establishment of private property for land and 25 years of reforms, it is not fully functional. Its ‘rental’ arm has been the main farmland transaction channel for farmers and landowners. Its ‘sales and purchases’ arm is virtually dysfunctional due to the farmland sales moratorium that effectively prohibits sales transactions in the farmland market. >>>

On consequences of introducing a minimum duration of rental contracts for agricultural land

In April 2015 Ukraine introduced a 7-years minimum duration of rental contracts for agricultural land. The aim of this report is primarily assessing possible economic implications of this restriction, as well as evaluation of a decision-making process that resulted in adoption of this restriction. >>>

Security of Property Rights and Transition in Land Use

The case of Ukraine shows that privatization of assets is not enough, by itself, to improve the market performance. Institutional reforms that reduce uncertainty and improve protection of rights are also a pre-condition for economic productivity gains. Adoption of law proposals that simplify and lower the cost of registration of rental rights, resolving issues with legal status of land parcels, consolidation of land ownership to the level of cultivated field and, ultimately, lifting the Moratorium could finally provide certainty and security to the rights of owners, tenants, state and investors. >>>